From 1991, conflict in Somalia has displaced hundreds of thousands of individuals and since then, CARE has provided relief and development assistance in the refugee camps in Dadaab in addition to supporting host communities around the camps. In the height of the influx in 2011 caused by the drought in the Horn of Africa and increased conflict in Somalia, the population rose up to highs of 463,602 (as of 30th October, 2011). In the beginning of 2013, UNHCR conducted a verification exercise to ascertain the actual numbers and as of 2nd November 2014, the refugee population in Dadaab was 356,663 refugees. On Donor funding, as of November 2014, the following were the funding partners of RAP; UNHCR, WFP, ECHO, BPRM, MoFA Germany and MoFA Luxemburg. In Dadaab, CARE offers these services:-
Logistics and distribution
CARE distributes relief food provided by WFP in three camps (Dagahaley, Ifo 1 and Ifo 2) through general food distribution which is undertaken twice every month from 1st to 7th and 15th to 21st. As at 30th June, 2014, the target population being served is 90,036 in Dagahaley, 85,935 in Ifo 1 and 52,910 in Ifo 2 respectively. CARE also provides support to UNHCR associated implementing partners in the form of storage and distribution of fuel, warehousing and distribution of core relief items (jerricans, tarpaulins, blankets, cooking ware etc) and complimentary food.
Mechanical Service Unit (MSU)
CARE provides a cost effective optimum fleet maintenance of vehicles and equipment to 19 Partners including UNHCR and WFP.
- As at 30th June 2014, the total fleet maintained under RAP is 236 funded by UNHCR and 98 funded by other Donors. Crucial attention is given to 60 security vehicles that cover escorts and area patrols across all Camps. Fleet maintenance in terms of availability & Serviceability is maintained at 90%.
- Apart from maintenance activities, MSU provides technical advice in terms of Vehicle and equipment specifications during procurement.
- Effective January, 2014, RAP was looking forward to revive the Automotive Apprentice Program in equipping youth in readiness for repatriation in terms of livelihood at the rate 100 candidates per year but was not successful in securing funding.
CARE is currently implementing primary education in seven (7) schools in Dagahaley camp with a current enrollment of 15,594 (6,824 girls) learners as at 30th June, 2014. CARE?s education sector has ensured that gender mainstreaming has been done in Dadaab education projects, with the main objective being provision of quality education to the refugees by equipping them with the desired knowledge, skills, attitudes and values to enhances their standards of life as refugees, and to prepare them for the challenges and roles awaiting them in case of possible repatriation or resettlement.
Water & Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
CARE is currently implementing a full WASH package (Water supply/quality, Sanitation and Hygiene promotion) in Dagahaley and Ifo 1 Camps. The current population being served as at 30th June, 2014 is 90,036 and 85,935 refugees respectively. In the last few years, the focus of WASH has been to empower the refugee communities to take lead in the delivery of WASH services through capacity building of WASH committees and refugee staff on WASH technical issues, this is line with the Operational Continuity Plan (OCP) and the recently develop LRSP for RAP. The main objective of WASH is to ensure that the beneficiaries have adequate access to safe water (quality/quantity) as per SPHERE and UNHCR Standards and they also live in proper sanitary conditions free from WASH related diseases.
Gender & Community Development
The Gender and Development Sector in CARE plays a leading role in prevention and response to Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) for refugees in Dagahaley camp with a population of 90,036 refugees as at 30th June, 2014. The sector promptly receives SGBV reports, where survivors visits the office to report, this is then documented and the survivors are assisted to access other emergency support services such as health options to protect them from possible contraction of HIV/AIDS, pregnancy or STIs in cases of rape. Survivors of rape are also encouraged to report to nearest health center within 72 hours. GCD provides this support through an extensive referral network of partners in Dadaab. In Dagahaley camp, CARE works closely with MSF to facilitate medical referrals, Kenya Police, Save the Children international (SCI), Lutheran World Federation, and the National Council of Churches in Kenya. CARE chairs monthly Inter Agency Child Protection and SGBV coordination meetings.
In 2014, CARE rolled out a male centered initiative to prevent and respond to SGBV through ?Engaging Men through Accountable Practice in Prevention of Violence against Women and Girls (EMAP)? project rollout earmarked for Dadaab. The project will run for a period of 10 months and will target between 400-500 persons. Implementing the EMAP initiative is part of an agreed roll out of UNHCR SGBV strategy for 2013-15. The GCD sector also provides information, communication and technology training to 100 refugee youth per year which is supported by the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The students undergo intensive three month training using curriculum approved by computer society of Kenya (CSK) and they later sit exams administered by the same institution (CSK). After successful completion, students are then awarded certificates that are nationally recognized which help them secure employment opportunities within the Agencies operating in the Camps, initiate their own business and or prepare them for resettlement and/or planned repatriation to Somalia.
CARE follows global guidelines for Gender-Based Violence interventions. To learn more about these guidelines, CLICK HERE
Practice of Conflict Sensitivity
The conflict sensitivity consortium was formed by 10 international NGOs: Action Aid, CAFOD, CARE International UK, International Alert, Plan International, Responding to Conflict, Safer world, Save the Children UK, Skill share International, and World Vision. The objective of the consortium is to provide international emergency humanitarian teams with a set of practical conflict sensitive approaches (CSA) that will help improve the conflict sensitivity of their work during the first 30 days of an emergency response. CARE International in Kenya is engaged in this consortium to improve policies and practices that support Conflict Sensitivity across a broad network of NGOs, local partners and donor agencies.