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Pastoralists in the Horn of Africa face grave threats to the lands and freedom of movement upon which they depend for their livelihoods. As a result their survival and resilience is being eroded, and their lives further blighted by conflict.

A new Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and CARE International report, 'Rules of the Range', finds that for pastoralism to remain a viable livelihood option - and one which can continue to contribute millions of dollars to national economies - institutional arrangements governing natural resources and land management must be better supported by government agencies, international donors, regional bodies and I/NGOS.

'Rules of the Range' - which refers to the vast tracts of rangeland in the border areas of northern Kenya and southern Ethiopia - is informed in part by the contributions of many pastoralist communities. CARE International's Hassan Oda Hulufu - himself a Kenyan pastoralist - says, 'Pastoral communities have been managing scarce resources for many generations. Sadly a combination of problems from climate change to poor governance structures is forcing them to abandon their traditional practices and ways of earning a living as they seek alternative work in urban areas.'



Key recommendations include:

- Full recognition of the links between conflict and natural resources management must be made and, in turn, properly regulated.

- A broad vision and strategy for supporting pastoralism at a regional level is required - one which can overcome the view of pastoralism as a problem to be solved by settlement.

- The governments of Kenya and Ethiopia need to establish policies which will recognise - and permit - the cross-border nature of pastoralism.

- Secure land rights for pastoralists to prevent the expropriation of rangeland and put their land rights on the same footing as those of farmers.


'Rules of the Range' was undertaken as part of an ongoing partnership between the Humanitarian Policy Group at the ODI and CARE. To read the report, Click Here

The Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is one of the world's leading teams of independent policy researchers and communications professionals dedicated to improving humanitarian policy and practice in response to conflict, instability and disasters. HPG combines high-quality policy analysis with a capacity to act as a neutral forum for dialogue and debate. HPG's overall aim is to inspire and inform effective and principled humanitarian action.



For further details please contact Sara Pavanello/Simon Levine at the ODI on: 0207 922 0300 or 0207 922 0335.

For interviews and information from CARE International please contact Deborah Underdown, Press Officer on: 0207 091 6063

CARE International is one of the world's leading aid agencies - we fight poverty and injustice. In the last year, we worked in 87 countries, supporting 905 poverty-fighting projects that reached more than 82 million people.

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